Solar Panels and Inverters: Key differences you should know

March 30, 2023

Are you considering switching to solar energy but confused about the differences between solar panels and inverters, or are you just curious about what these two components do. 

Well, you’ve come to the right place. 

Solar panels and inverters are both essential components of a solar energy system, but while both of these technologies work together to harness solar energy and convert it into usable electricity, they have distinct functions and characteristics. Before we get into the differences between these two, lets briefly explain what they are, and the roles they play individually.

Let’s dive in!

What are solar panels?

Solar panels are the backbone of any solar energy system, and they are responsible for converting sunlight into electricity.


The photovoltaic cells present in solar panels are responsible for absorbing sunlight, and converts it into direct current (DC) electricity. Solar panels come in various sizes, shapes, and power ratings. They can be used to generate electricity for homes, businesses, and other applications.

What are inverters?

Inverters are devices that convert DC electricity produced by solar panels into alternating current (AC) electricity that can be used to power electrical devices. 


Inverters are necessary to ensure that the electricity produced by solar panels is compatible with the electrical grid. They are responsible for converting the electricity into a form that can be used by homes and businesses.

Now that we are familiar with these two technologies, let’s note 3 key differences between solar panels and inverters

1. Function and Purpose:

The primary function of a solar panel is to convert sunlight into direct current (DC) electricity. When sunlight hits the solar panel, it causes the electrons in the PV cells to move, generating an electric current. The electricity produced by the solar panels is direct current (DC) electricity, which needs to be converted into alternating current (AC) electricity for use. This is where inverters come in. The primary function of an inverter is to convert the DC electricity produced by the solar panels into AC electricity that will then be used to power homes and businesses.

2. Installation and Maintenance:

Installing solar panels and inverters require different skill sets and expertise. Solar panels are typically installed on the roof of a home or business or in an open area that receives ample sunlight. They need to be mounted and wired correctly to ensure optimal performance. In contrast, inverters are typically installed inside the home or business, close to the main electrical panel. They need to be connected to the solar panels and wired correctly to ensure that the DC electricity produced by the solar panels is converted to AC electricity correctly. Additionally, inverters may require occasional maintenance, such as cleaning or replacement of parts, while solar panels generally require less frequent maintenance.

3. Cost:

Solar panels and inverters vary in cost depending on their size, efficiency, and other factors. Solar panels typically account for the majority of the cost of a solar power system, with inverters making up a smaller percentage of the total cost. However, the type and quality of the inverter can have a significant impact on the overall performance and efficiency of the system. High-quality inverters are typically more expensive, but they can improve the overall output and longevity of the solar power system.

In conclusion, solar panels and inverters are two essential components of a solar power system, each with its own distinct functions and characteristics. Now that you understand these key differences, it’s essential that you work with professionals to choose the right components for your solar energy system when you want to get started with solar.

At Aspire Power Solutions, we provide best-in-class solar panels and inverters that are guaranteed to be efficient, reliable, and cost-effective. Our team will work with you to design a customized solar energy system that meets your unique needs and budget. Click here to get a tailored quote within 24 hours.

Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can help you make the switch to clean, renewable solar energy! Email us at [email protected] or call 09085187351

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